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    Introduction: Genetically, complete hydatidiform mole (CHM) is androgenetic diploid, containing two sets of paternal chromosomes. In most cases, recurrent HM (RHM) is CHM but has diploid biparental chromosome constitution. Case report: We report a mother with RHM, both with biparental diploidy. The mother was compound heterozygous for two variants, c.1720dup, p.(C574Lfs*4) and c.2165A > G, p.(D722G) of the NLRP7 gene, as was a brother who fathered 2 normal pregnancies. Conclusion: The genotype study should be obtained for patients of CHM, even in their first pregnancy, followed by genetic screening for maternal-effect variants in those with biparental moles. This strategy will identify patients in their first pregnancy with HM that have a decreased chance for a normal pregnancy, to allow genetic counseling, perhaps utilizing a donor egg.


    Rong-Yue Wang, Yu-Juan Li, Li Zhen, Fan Jiang, Cong-Min Gu, Dong-Zhi Li. Detection of Parental Contribution to Molar Genome Leads to Diagnosis of Recurrent Hydatidiform Mole in a Family with NLRP7 Variants. Fetal and pediatric pathology. 2022 Jun;41(3):511-515

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    PMID: 33252287

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