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Objective: To analyze the relationship between matrix Gla protein(MGP) and clinical characteristics of patients with ulcerative colitis (UC). Methods: Fifty-one UC patients who were admitted to the gastroenterology department of Peking union medical college hospital from July 1, 2015 to May 31, 2017 were included. Twenty-seven healthy subjects in the same period were included as normal controls. The expression of MGP mRNA in the colonic mucosa was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR. Clinical data of the patients were collected during a 2-year follow-up. The public data set containing MGP gene expression profile of UC patients was downloaded from the GEO database, and was divided into four groups according to the microscopic Mayo score. The differential expression of MGP in each group was analyzed. Results: All the fifty-one UC patients were followed up. The expression of MGP mRNA in the colonic mucosa of UC patients treated with hormone and immunosuppressive agents or biological agents or surgery was higher than that of patients treated with mesalazine. MGP mRNA expression was positively correlated with C-reactive protein level. It was also higher in the colonic mucosa of UC patients with clostridium difficilis or cytomegalovirus infection than that of patients without opportunistic infection. The difference of MGP mRNA expression between groups in GEO public data set was statistically significant(P<0.01), showing an up-regulation trend with the aggravation of inflammation. The expression level of MGP was moderately correlated with the microscopic Mayo score. The relationship between MGP mRNA expression and lifestyle, lesion range, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, parenteral manifestations and recurrence frequency of UC patients was not obvious. Conclusions: MGP is associated with colonic inflammation and its abnormal expression can help to predict the disease activity of patients with UC.


X Y Dong, M X Wu, X Y Bai, H M Zhang, H Yang, J M Qian. Relationship between matrix Gla protein and clinical features of ulcerative colitis]. Zhonghua yi xue za zhi. 2020 Dec 01;100(44):3504-3509

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PMID: 33256292

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