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    Rotating MRI systems could enable novel integrated medical devices such as MRI-Linacs, MRI-xray-angiography systems, and MRI-proton therapy systems. This work aimed to investigate the feasibility of rotating actively shielded superconducting MRI magnets in the presence of environmental steel-in particular, construction steel in the floor of the installation site. Two magnets were investigated: a 1.0 T split bore magnet, and a 1.5 T closed bore magnet. Each magnet was scaled to emulate field strengths of 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 T. Finite Element Modeling was used to simulate these magnets in the presence of a 3 × 4 m steel plate located 1250 mm or 1400 mm below the isocenter. There are two possible rotation directions: around the longitudinal (z) axis or around the transverse (x) axis. Each model was solved for rotation angles between 0 and 360° in 30° intervals around each of these axes. For each simulation, a 300 mm DSV was extracted and decomposed into spherical harmonics. For the closed-bore magnet, total induced perturbation for the zero degree rotation angle was 223, 432, and 562 μT peak-to-peak (pk-pk) for the 0.5, 1.0, and 1.5 T models respectively (steel at 1250 mm). For the split-bore magnet, the same numbers were 1477, 16747, and 1766 μT. The substantially higher perturbation for the split-bore magnet can be traced to its larger fringe field. For rotation around the z-axis, total perturbation does not change as a function of angle but is exchanged between different harmonics. For rotation around the x-axis, total perturbation is different at each rotation angle. For the closed bore magnet, maximum perturbations occurred for a 90° rotation around the transverse axis. For the split-bore magnet, the opposite was observed, with the same 90° rotation yielding total perturbation lower than the conventional position. In all cases, at least 95% of the total perturbation was composed of 1st and 2nd order harmonics. The presence of environmental steel poses a major challenge to the realization of an actively shielded rotating superconducting MRI system, requiring some novel form of shimming. Possible shimming strategies are discussed at length.


    Brendan Whelan, Martino Leghissa, Philipp Amrein, Maxim Zaitsev, Bernhard Heinrich, Rebecca Fahrig, Heiko Rohdjess. Magnetic modeling of actively shielded rotating MRI magnets in the presence of environmental steel. Physics in medicine and biology. 2021 Feb 02;66(4):045004

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    PMID: 33264755

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