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To give a quantitative and qualitative characteristic of the structure of the enamel's mineral component structure of impacted teeth with or without connective tissue dysplasia in different periods of early postnatal human ontogenesis using densitometry and atomic force microscopy. The study involved 120 males with and without connective tissue dysplasia (CTD), which were divided into 3 equal subgroups (60 people with CTD and 60 people without CTD), 20 people in each, according to age: 15-20, 21-30, 31-40 years old. Each of the examined was removed either 3.8 or 4.8 tooth. To study the inorganic component of tooth enamel, a densitometric assessment of enamel's optical density was carried out using computed tomography in the Kodak Dental Systems software (Trophy 2000) and preparation of thin sections of tooth samples 3.8 or 4.8 for atomic force microscopy (AFM) according to the methods of Omsk State Medical University. The structure of tooth enamel in connective tissue dysplasia in the early postpartum period of ontogenesis is characterized by pronounced polymorphisms and an insufficient level of maturity. The ordering and orientation of the enamel prisms are disturbed due to insufficient packing density and a large distance between the enamel prisms at the age of 15-20, 21-30. The established changes indicate the incomplete nature of amelogenesis with connective tissue dysplasia at the indicated ages. In case of connective tissue dysplasia in the early postnatal period of ontogenesis, an incomplete amelogenesis is observed. This process is manifested by lower values of the mineral component's optical density, low packing of enamel prisms, a large distance between enamel prisms and their irregular shape.


V D Vagner, V P Konev, A S Korshunov, K N Kuryatnikov, V O Surkova, A P Skurikhina, A A Bondar. Research of the structure of the mineral component of tooth enamel in connective tissue dysplasia by densitometry and atomic force microscopy in the early postpartum ontogenesis period]. Stomatologiia. 2020;99(6):7-12

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PMID: 33267536

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