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To utilize single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography (SPECT/CT) scanning to investigate the usefulness of nerve root compression (NRC) and radioactive cold zone lesions (RCZLs) for predicting poor therapeutic efficacy of strontium-89 chloride (Sr-89) in patients with bone metastasis. Patients with bone metastatic neoplasms who had undergone baseline bone SPECT/CT scanning before Sr-89 therapy (148 MBq Sr-89 chloride by an intravenous injection for each patient) between July 2011 and July 2018 were included. Bone SPECT/CT images were assessed by two readers independently. Associations between imaging features and therapeutic efficacy were obtained via multivariate logistic regression analysis. Of 231 patients analyzed, 50 (21.6%) had NRC at baseline. Of 31 patients who experienced poor therapeutic efficacy, 29 (93.5%) had NRC. In multivariate logistic regression analysis baseline NRC independently predicted poor therapeutic efficacy. The sensitivity of NRC for predicting poor therapeutic efficacy was 93.5%, specificity was 89.5%, positive predictive value was 58.0%, and negative predictive value was 98.9%. RCZLs were detected in17 patients (7.4%), of whom 14 experienced poor Sr-89 therapeutic efficacy. The sensitivity of the presence of RCZLs for predicting poor therapeutic efficacy was 45.2%, specificity was 98.5%, positive predictive value was 82.4%, and negative predictive value was 92.1%. After adjusting for age, bone metabolism and lesion type, the significant independent predictors of poor Sr-89 therapeutic efficacy were presence of NRC (p < 0.001) and RCZL (p = 0.001). NRC and RCZL on baseline bone SPECT/CT are reliable independent predictors of poor Sr-89 therapeutic efficacy in patients with bone metastasis. These associations may facilitate the administration of more effective therapeutic interventions.

Citation

Ben Meng, Jia Song, Lisheng Liu, Longlan Chen, Xiaoliang Chen. Added value of hybrid SPECT with CT imaging for predicting poor therapeutic efficacy of 89Sr in patients with bone metastasis. Scientific reports. 2020 Dec 03;10(1):21207

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PMID: 33273651

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