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Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a bioactive lipid mediator that has been implicated in the pathophysiology of kidney disease. However, few studies have attempted to measure changes in the levels of various LPA species in the kidney after the development of renal disease. The present study measured the renal LPA levels during the development of kidney disease in rat models of hypertension, diabetes, and obstructive nephropathy using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry. LPA levels (sum of 16:0, 18:0, 18:1, 18:2, and 20:4 LPA) were higher in the renal cortex of hypertensive Dahl salt-sensitive (Dahl S) rats fed a high-salt diet than those in normotensive rats fed a low-salt diet (296.6 ± 22.9 vs. 196.3 ± 8.5 nmol/g protein). LPA levels were elevated in the outer medulla of the kidney of streptozotocin-induced type 1 diabetic Dahl S rats compared with control rats (624.6 ± 129.5 vs. 318.8 ± 17.1 nmol/g protein). LPA levels were also higher in the renal cortex of 18-month-old, type 2 diabetic nephropathy (T2DN) rats with more severe renal injury than in 6-month-old T2DN rats (184.9 ± 20.9 vs. 116.9 ± 6.0 nmol/g protein). LPA levels also paralleled the progression of renal fibrosis in the renal cortex of Sprague-Dawley rats after unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Administration of an LPA receptor antagonist, Ki16425, reduced the degree of renal fibrosis in UUO rats. These results suggest that the production of renal LPA increases during the development of renal injury and contributes to renal fibrosis. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: The present study reveals that the lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) levels increase in the kidney in rat models of hypertension, diabetes, and obstructive nephropathy, and administration of an LPA receptor antagonist attenuates renal fibrosis. Therapeutic approaches that target the formation or actions of renal LPA might be renoprotective and have therapeutic potential. Copyright © 2021 by The American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics.


Takashi Hirata, Stanley V Smith, Teisuke Takahashi, Noriyuki Miyata, Richard J Roman. Increased Levels of Renal Lysophosphatidic Acid in Rodent Models with Renal Disease. The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics. 2021 Feb;376(2):240-249

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PMID: 33277348

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