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To carry out a clinical-epidemiological analysis of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol subfractions (HDL-C) in adults from Maracaibo, Venezuela. A descriptive and cross-sectional study of the database from the Metbolic Syndrome Prevalence in Maracaibo Study was carried out. HDL3 and HDL2 serum concentration, as well as the HDL2/HDL3 ratio, were determined in 359 individuals of both sexes, over 18 years of age. Values obtained were evaluated according to sociodemographic, clinical and biochemical characteristics. Mean population age was 39.4 ± 15.2 years, and 51.5% were female. Differences in HDL-C subfraction levels were only observed in those subjects with low HDL-C levels. Women with hypertriglyceridemia showed significantly lower serum HDL3 and HDL2 concentrations than those with normal triglycerides (p=0.033), as well as a lower HDL3 level and HDL2 / HDL3 ratio in those with higher levels of ultra-sensitive C-reactive protein (us-CRP) (p<0.001). A significantly lower concentration of HDL2 was observed in men with some degree of hypertension (p=0.031), insulin resistance (p=0.050) and metabolic syndrome (p=0.003); while those with elevated us-CRP showed a lower concentration of HDL3 (p=0.011). HDL-C subfractions show varying clinical-epidemiological behavior in adults from Maracaibo. Lower serum levels are observed in men, differences only in those with low HDL-C; and no predominance of any subclass was observed according to sociodemographic, clinical and biochemical characteristics.


Sergia Linares, Valmore Bermúdez, Juan Salazar, Manuel Nava, Ángel Ortega, Luis Olivar, María Calvo, María Sofía Martínez, Alex Morales-Carrasco, Maricarmen Chacín, Joselyn Rojas. Clinical-epidemiological analysis of HDL2 and HDL3 subfractions in adults from Maracaibo city, Venezuela. Revista peruana de medicina experimental y salud publica. 2020 Dec 02;37(3):412-422

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PMID: 33295542

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