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    Cotton is the largest source of natural fiber for textile industry in the world. Cotton fibers are seed trichomes that make cotton unique among plants. Cotton fibers originate from ovule epidermal cells and serve as an excellent model to study the process of cell differentiation in plants. Characterization of factors contributing to fiber development will help to reveal general mechanisms of cell differentiation in plants. Transcription factors (TFs), especially MYB-MIXTA-like (MML) factors, appear to have evolved unique roles in fiber development. In addition, phytohormones including brassinosteroids, jasmonic acid, GA and auxin also play an important role in regulating fiber development. Here, we summarize the mechanisms of MIXTAs and phytohormones orchestrating cotton fiber development. The progress in understanding molecular basis of fiber development will facilitate future genetic engineering and breeding to improve cotton fiber quality and yield. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Yue Tian, Tianzhen Zhang. MIXTAs and phytohormones orchestrate cotton fiber development. Current opinion in plant biology. 2021 Feb;59:101975

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    PMID: 33296746

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