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    In the recent years many studies have shown that wetland plants play beneficial roles in bioelectricity enhancement in constructed wetland-microbial fuel cell (CW-MFC) because of the exudation of root oxygen and root exudates. In this study, the long-term roles of plants on the bioelectricity generation and contaminant removal were investigated in multi-anode (Anode1 and Anode2) and single cathode CW-MFCs. The electrode distances were 20 cm between Anode1-cathode and 10 cm between Anode2-cathode, respectively. Additionally, the employment of natural conductive pyrrhotite mineral as cathode material was firstly investigated in CW-MFC system. A cathode potential of -98 ± 52 mV to -175 ± 60 mV was achieved in the unplanted (CW-MFC 1), and planted CW-MFCs with Iris pseudacorus (CW-MFC 2), Lythrum salicaria (CW-MFC 3), and Phragmites australis (CW-MFC 4). The maximum power densities of Anode1-cathode and Anode2-cathode were 8.23 and 15.29 mW/m2 in CW-MFC 1, 8.51 and 1.67 mW/m2 in CW-MFC 2, 5.67 and 3.15 mW/m2 in CW-MFC 3, and 7.59 and 14.71 mW/m2 in CW-MFC 4, respectively. Interestingly, smaller power density was observed at Anode2-cathode, which has shorter electrode distance than Anode1-cathode in both CW-MFC 2 and CW-MFC 3, which indicates the negative role of oxygen released from the flourished plant roots at Anode2 micro-environment in power production. Therefore, recovering power from commercial CW-MFCs with flourished plants will be a challenge. The contradiction between keeping short electrode distance and avoiding the interference from plant roots to maintain anaerobic anode may be solved by the proposed modular CW-MFCs. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Yan Yang, Yaqian Zhao, Cheng Tang, Ranbin Liu, Tianhu Chen. Dual role of macrophytes in constructed wetland-microbial fuel cells using pyrrhotite as cathode material: A comparative assessment. Chemosphere. 2021 Jan;263:128354

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    PMID: 33297276

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