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Cytokeratin fragment antigen 21-1 (CYFRA 21-1) DNA is perceived as sensitive tumor marker for the diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer and other tumor. Herein, linear chain poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) synthesized by ring-opening polymerization is applied to ultrasensitive label-free electrochemical impedance detection system for CYFRA 21-1 DNA. First, thiolated peptide nucleic acid (PNA) is self-assembled into the Au electrode surface through the formation of Au-S bonds, allowing the PNA to act as biomolecular probe and form PNA/DNA heteroduplex with the target DNA via specific hybridization. Then, PCL is conjugated to the immobilized DNA on the electrode via "carboxylate-Zr4+-phosphate" bridges. Finally, the electrochemical response of modified PNA/DNA/Zr4+/PCL electrode is determined by electrochemical impedance method to quantify of CYFRA 21-1 DNA. Under optimal conditions, this method exhibits highly sensitivity with a broad linear range (0.1 fM - 1 nM) (R2 = 0.995) and the limit of detection (LOD) is as low as 10.73 aM, which is equivalent to just 64 molecules in a 10 μL sample. What's more, the high selectivity, good anti-interference, label-free operation, and real-time monitoring in complex samples of the proposed strategy demonstrate its broad application for the early diagnosis and clinical monitoring. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Xiaofei Li, Yawen Zhang, Lulu Hao, Yanju Liu, Xia Wang, Huaixia Yang, Jinming Kong. Ultrasensitive label-free detection for lung cancer CYFRA 21-1 DNA based on ring-opening polymerization. Talanta. 2021 Feb 01;223(Pt 2):121730

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PMID: 33298260

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