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This work deals with the revalorization of an important winery residue such as the vine shoots by the obtaining of oligosaccharides with potential prebiotic activity. The manufacture of these added-value products was performed by an autohydrolysis treatment assisted with microwaves to make the process less time consuming and more environmentally friendly. The influence of the reaction time (0-40 min) and the temperature (140-200) on the production of oligosaccharides during the microwave-assisted autohydrolysis was evaluated. The highest concentration of oligosaccharides (168.3 g/Kg oven-dried vines shoots) was achieved during the treatment carried out at 180 °C for 20 min. To assess the benefits of the assistance of the autohydrolysis treatment with the microwaves a conventionally heated treatment was performed using conditions (180 °C for 15 min) that provoked similar effects on the solubilisation of the hemicellulosic fraction. This treatment permitted the obtaining of 203.5 g oligosaccharides/Kg oven-dried vines shoots using 61.0% more of the time needed to carry out the microwaves-assisted autohydrolysis. Although the microwave-assisted treatment permitted the manufacture of a lower amount of oligosaccharides, only consumed 28.8% of the energy needed to perform the conventionally heated treatment. The oligosaccharides manufactured by the two treatments were substituted xyloglucans with different polymerization and acetylation degrees, which due to their potential prebiotic activity could be highly appreciated by pharmaceuticals and food industries. Thus, this work demonstrated the environmental sustainability of the microwave-assisted autohydrolysis for the revalorisation of the vine shoots. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation

Izaskun Dávila, Patricia Gullón, Jalel Labidi. Influence of the heating mechanism during the aqueous processing of vine shoots for the obtaining of hemicellulosic oligosaccharides. Waste management (New York, N.Y.). 2021 Feb 01;120:146-155

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PMID: 33302017

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