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Microelectrode plays a crucial role in developing a rapid biosensor for detecting toxicity in water. In this study, a nanoribbon electrode (NRE) with amplified microelectrode signal was successfully prepared by electrodepositing 2-allylphenol on a double-sided indium tin oxide glass. The NRE provided a simple mean for obtaining large steady-state current response. Its advantages were discussed by contrasting the toxicity detection of 3,5-dichlorophenol (DCP) with single microelectrode, microelectrode array, and millimeter electrode as working electrodes in which potassium ferricyanide (K3[Fe(CN)6]) was adopted as a mediator, and Escherichia coli was selected as bioreceptor. At a constant potential of 450 mV, the current reached a steady state within 10 s. The biosensor was constructed using the NRE as working electrode, and its feasibility was verified by determining the toxicity of DCP. A 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 3.01 mg/L was obtained by analyzing the current responses of different concentrations of DCP within 1 h. These results exhibited that the proposed method based on the as-prepared NRE was a rapid, sensitive, and cost-effective way for toxicity detection in water.


Dengbin Yu, Youxing Fang, Ling Liu, Jingting He, Xuerong Han, Hongwen Yu, Shaojun Dong. Fabrication of a Novel, Cost-Effective Double-Sided Indium Tin Oxide-Based Nanoribbon Electrode and Its Application of Acute Toxicity Detection in Water. ACS sensors. 2020 Dec 24;5(12):3923-3929

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PMID: 33305577

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