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Circadian rhythm is associated with the pathogenesis of systemic disease and bone mineral metabolism. This study aimed to radiographically evaluate morphological characteristics of the interalveolar septum in circadian rhythm deficient animals. Heads of 10 brain and muscle arnt-like protein-1 (BMAL1)-knockout (KO) mice and 10 wild-type mice sacrificed at 36 weeks were imaged using micro-computed tomography. The mean depth from the cementoenamel junction to the alveolar ridge (virtual bone sounding: VBS) of the interalveolar septum between the first and second molars, and the bone mineral density (BMD) of the interalveolar septum and the mandibular inferior cortex region were calculated. Tooth diameter was also measured. The VBS of the interalveolar septum in the BMAL1-KO mice was significantly deeper than that in wild-type mice. The BMD in the BMAL1-KO mice was significantly lower than in the wild-type mice in both regions. No significant difference was observed in tooth diameter between BMAL1-KO and wild-type mice. These results suggest that low BMD in the interalveolar septum accelerates bone resorption in the interalveolar septum in BMAL1-KO mice.


Ryosuke Koshi, Kunihito Matsumoto, Yusuke Imanishi, Takayuki Kawato, Shuichi Sato, Shigeki Shimba, Yoshinori Arai, Kazuya Honda. Morphological characteristics of interalveolar septum and mandible in BMAL1 gene knockout mice. Journal of oral science. 2020 Dec 23;63(1):83-86

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PMID: 33311011

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