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    Ibuprofen (IBU) is a non-steroidal drug that is classified as a trace organic compound (TrOC). A forward osmosis membrane bioreactor (FOMBR) has traditionally been a favored technology for wastewater treatment. In this study, the IBU degradation mechanism was clarified using an FOMBR. The results indicated that the average removal efficiencies of contaminants were greater than 96.32%. The ultra-performance liquid chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-TOF-MS) results demonstrated that there were 10 intermediates and 5 possible pathways during the IBU degradation. Decarboxylation and hydroxylation may be the primary pathways of IBU degradation. The microbial results illustrated that Proteobacteria was dominant and of utmost importance in the degradation process. Thauera and Azoarcus were the dominant genera that participated in contaminant degradation. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Meichen Yao, Liang Duan, Yonghui Song, Slawomir W Hermanowicz. Degradation mechanism of Ibuprofen via a forward osmosis membrane bioreactor. Bioresource technology. 2021 Feb;321:124448

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    PMID: 33316700

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