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    Titanium (Ti) and alloys thereof are commonly utilized in biomedical settings owing to their desirable mechanical properties and good biocompatibility. However, when exposed to biological systems for extended periods of time, Ti still undergoes corrosion. In the present study, we therefore explore the impact of osteoclasts (OC) on the surface characteristics and corrosion of commercially pure Titanium (cpTi) in the context of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation. We utilized tartrate resistant acidic phosphatase (TRAP) and fluorescence staining to assess OC properties, while scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), optical profilometer, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), potentiodynamic polarization tests, and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) were used to evaluate metal microstructure, surface composition and roughness, electrochemical corrosion properties, and metal ion release. SEM findings demonstrated that the surface of cpTi exhibited micro-pitting as well as the presence of viable OCs. Correspondingly, cpTi that had been exposed to OCs exhibited reduced levels of Ti, oxygen, and oxides within the corroded regions relative to smooth Ti as measured via EDS and XPS. OC exposure was also associated with significant changes in cpTi surface roughness, a significant decrease in corrosion resistance, and a significant increase in the release of Ti ions into the surrounding medium. In summary, these findings indicate that OC culture on the surface of cpTi can directly corrode titanium and lead to the release of Ti ions. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Xiao-Yu Yu, Wen-Qing Zhu, Wei Chen, Wan-Qing Chen, Song-Mei Zhang, Jing Qiu. Osteoclast-mediated biocorrosion of pure titanium in an inflammatory microenvironment. Materials science & engineering. C, Materials for biological applications. 2021 Feb;119:111610

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    PMID: 33321654

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