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    Erv1 (EC number is an essential mitochondrial enzyme catalyzing protein import and oxidative folding in the mitochondrial intermembrane space. Erv1 has both oxidase and cytochrome c reductase activities. While both Erv1 and cytochrome c were reported to be membrane associated in mitochondria, it is unknown how the mitochondrial membrane environment may affect the function of Erv1. Here, in this study, we used liposomes to mimic the mitochondrial membrane and investigated the effect of liposomes and cardiolipin on the folding and function of yeast Erv1. Enzyme kinetics of both the oxidase and cytochrome c reductase activity of Erv1 were studied using oxygen consumption analysis and spectroscopic methods. Our results showed that the presence of liposomes has mild impacts on Erv1 oxidase activity, but significantly inhibited the catalytic efficiency of Erv1 cytochrome c reductase activity in a cardiolipin-dependent manner. Taken together, the results of this study provide important insights into the function of Erv1 in the mitochondria, suggesting that molecular oxygen is a better substrate than cytochrome c for Erv1 in the yeast mitochondria.


    Xiaofan Tang, Lynda K Harris, Hui Lu. Effects of Liposome and Cardiolipin on Folding and Function of Mitochondrial Erv1. International journal of molecular sciences. 2020 Dec 10;21(24)

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    PMID: 33321986

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