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    The modification and pathogenesis of MEFV exon 2 or 3 variants in familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) remains unclear. We compared the clinical and laboratory characteristics between the coexistence and noncoexistence of MEFV exon 2 or 3 variants in patients with FMF that had a heterozygous MEFV exon 10 mutation. We excluded patients with FMF that had two MEFV exon 10 mutations in one or more alleles and/or MEFV mutations in exons other than in exons 2, 3, or 10. Finally, we reviewed 131 Japanese patients with FMF that had a heterozygous MEFV exon 10 mutation, and they were divided into the groups with and without MEFV exon 2 or 3 variants of 97 and 34, respectively. All patients with MEFV exon 2 variants had either E148Q and/or L110P variants, none of patients had exon 3 variants. In the univariate analysis, the group with variants had significantly earlier onset, a higher percentage of thoracic pain with febrile attacks, a higher frequency of attack, and a higher IL-18 level at remission compared to the group without variants (all, p<0.05). Importantly, multivariate analyses showed that the coexistence of MEFV exon 2 variants was independently and significantly associated with earlier onset of FMF and thoracic pain (both, p<0.05). Our results suggested that coexistence of MEFV exon 2 variants have additional effects on manifestations of FMF with MEFV exon 10 mutations. Our findings highlighted the modifications and pathogenesis of such MEFV variants in FMF.


    Yushiro Endo, Tomohiro Koga, Kazusato Hara, Kaori Furukawa, Kazunaga Agematsu, Akihiro Yachie, Junya Masumoto, Kiyoshi Migita, Atsushi Kawakami. The possession of exon 2 or exon 3 variants in the MEFV gene promotes inflammasome activation in Japanese patients with familial Mediterranean fever with a heterozygous exon 10 mutation. Clinical and experimental rheumatology. 2020 Sep-Oct;38 Suppl 127(5):49-52

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    PMID: 33331265

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