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Studies of nanomedicine have achieved dramatic progress in recent decades. However, the main challenges that traditional nanomedicine has to overcome include low accumulation at target sites and rapid clearance from the blood circulation. An interesting approach using cell membrane coating technology has emerged as a possible way to overcome these limitations, owing to the enhanced targeted delivery and reduced immunogenicity of cell membrane moieties. Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy has been investigated for treating various diseases, ranging from inflammatory diseases to tissue damage. Recent studies with engineered modified MSCs or MSC membranes have focused on enhancing cell therapeutic efficacy. Therefore, bioengineering strategies that couple synthetic nanoparticles with MSC membranes have recently received much attention due to their homing ability and tumor tropism. Given the various membrane receptors on their surfaces, MSC membrane-coated nanoparticles are an effective method with selective targeting properties, allowing entry into specific cells. Here, we review recent progress on the use of MSC membrane-coated nanoparticles for biomedical applications, particularly in the two main antitumor and anti-inflammatory fields. The combination of a bioengineered cell membrane and synthesized nanoparticles presents a wide range of possibilities for the further development of targeted drug delivery, showing the potential to enhance the therapeutic efficacy for treating various diseases.

Citation

Mian Wang, Yuanfeng Xin, Hao Cao, Wanlu Li, Yifei Hua, Thomas J Webster, Chao Zhang, Wenjie Tang, Zhongmin Liu. Recent advances in mesenchymal stem cell membrane-coated nanoparticles for enhanced drug delivery. Biomaterials science. 2021 Feb 21;9(4):1088-1103

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PMID: 33332490

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