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Autoantibodies are abnormal antibodies which are generated by pathogenic B cells when targeting an individual's own tissue. Autoantibodies have been identified as a symbol of autoimmune disorders and are frequently considered a clinical marker of these disorders. Autoimmune diseases, including system lupus erythematosus and rheumatoid arthritis, consist of a series of disorders that share some similarities and differences. They are characterized by chronic, systemic, excessive immune activation and inflammation and involve in almost all body tissues. Autoimmune diseases occur more frequently in women than men due to hormonal impacts. In this review we systemically introduce and summarize the latest advances of various autoantibodies in multiple autoimmune diseases. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.


Ze Xiu Xiao, Joseph S Miller, Song Guo Zheng. An updated advance of autoantibodies in autoimmune diseases. Autoimmunity reviews. 2021 Feb;20(2):102743

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PMID: 33333232

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