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    This study developed a new method using radiopaque markers under X-ray to measure rat colonic transit by geometric center repeatedly and/or over a time series in the same individually. Additionally, the utility of this method was shown by elucidating the innervation of the autonomic nerve on colonic transit in detail with a pharmacological technique in conscious rats. An in-dwelling silastic cannula was inserted into the cecum and the proximal part was moved through the abdominal wall, where it was fixed to the posterior neck skin. Twenty markers were administered from the cannula to the proximal colon with saline on the fifth day after surgery. The markers were observed with soft X-ray before required repeated short anesthesia. Experimentation 1: Rats were measured colonic transit twice over 2 days with no administration. Experimentation 2: Rats were administered saline on the first day and pharmacology on the second day intraperitoneally before measurement. Experimentation 1: The markers administrated from the cannula and transited from proximal colon to distal colon over a time series. It showed no significant difference in complication rates between 2 days. Experimentation 2: The colonic transit was increasingly accelerated by neostigmine and phentolamine but not propranolol. Significant changes in 1.0 mg/kg atropine were noted although no differences were found between control and 0.05 mg/kg atropine and between each other's. We have presented the method using radiopaque markers under X-ray with short anesthesia for evaluating the colonic transit. The methods could show rat colonic transit changes in detail with a pharmacological technique. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier B.V.


    Misaki Okada, Sazu Taniguchi, Chiaki Takeshima, Hiroshi Taniguchi, Hiroshi Kitakoji, Kazunori Itoh, Toku Takahashi, Kenji Imai. Using a radiopaque marker with radiography for evaluating colonic transit by geometric center in conscious rats: A novel method. Autonomic neuroscience : basic & clinical. 2021 Jan;230:102760

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    PMID: 33340814

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