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Co-crystallization is an effective strategy to improve the drug properties such as solubility and stability. However, its thermodynamic backgrounds, especially lattice vibration, haven't been fully understood. In this work, indomethacin (IND) cocrystals formed with nicotinamide (NIC) and saccharin (SAC) are successfully characterized by using terahertz spectroscopy. DFT calculations at PBE-D3 level with and without constrained unit cell are performed to predict the absorption peaks at spectral range. The results suggest that the DFT calculations with constrained unit cell achieve a better agreement with experimental observations. Based on the optimized geometries and calculated phonons, the thermodynamic contributions from lattice vibrations to cocrystal formations are further evaluated. The findings reveal that the vibrational energy plays a comparable role with electronic energy, but has an opposite impact on these two cocrystal formations. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Li Xu, Yin Li, Peixin Jing, Guohao Xu, Qi Zhou, Yingxiang Cai, Xiaohua Deng. Terahertz spectroscopic characterizations and DFT calculations of indomethacin cocrystals with nicotinamide and saccharin. Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy. 2021 Mar 15;249:119309

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PMID: 33341744

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