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Pregnancy is a hypercoagulability state, the aim of this study was to observe the changes of thrombin-antithrombin complex (TAT), thrombomodulin (TM), tissue plasminogen activator-inhibitor complex (tPAI-C) and plasmin-α2-antiplasmin complex (PIC) during pregnancy and establish trimester-specific reference intervals for Chinese healthy pregnant women. In total 190 Chinese healthy pregnant women (first trimester 59 cases, second trimester 60 cases and third trimester 71 cases) were recruited in North China. TAT, TM, tPAI-C and PIC were processed on Sysmex HISCL 5000 automated chemiluminescence immune detection system. Trimester-specific reference intervals were established with the 2.5th and 97.5th percentile of the distribution. The reference intervals for TAT, TM, tPAI-C, PIC at trimester 1 were 0.40-3.65 ng/mL, 4.85-8.80 TU/mL, 1.75-6.40 ng/mL, 0.25-1.05 μg/mL, respectively. At trimester 2, the reference intervals were 1.65-8.61 ng/mL, 5.70-9.93 TU/mL, 2.91-7.71 ng/mL, 0.33-2.02 μg/mL, respectively. At trimester 3, the reference intervals were 3.16-12.68 ng/mL, 5.50-14.24 TU/mL, 2.70-10.69 ng/mL, 0.24-1.54 μg/mL, respectively. The changes of TAT, TM, tPAI-C, PIC during pregnancy are presented, and trimester-specific reference intervals for healthy pregnant women are described. The levels of TAT, TM, tPAI-C were increased gradually from trimester 1 to trimester 3, while the PIC level remains stable during all trimesters. © 2020 Japan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology.


Yufeng Wu, Yan Qiao, Yinmei Zhang, Qingsong Li, Wenjing Zhang. Trimester-specific reference intervals of TAT, TM, tPAI-C and PIC for healthy Chinese pregnant women. The journal of obstetrics and gynaecology research. 2021 Jan;47(1):368-374

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PMID: 33345424

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