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    In alpha radionuclide therapy, an optical fiber-based alpha particle detector is a new tool that could possibly be employed for the direct detection of alpha particles in subjects. Thus, in the present study, we developed an optical fiber-based alpha particle detector. The alpha particle detector was made of a 1mm diameter, 10 cm long plastic double clad optical fiber drilled a 0.7 mm diameter, 2 mm depth open space at the one end of the fiber. Silver-doped zinc sulfide (ZnS (Ag)) was painted inside this open space to form a ZnS(Ag) small scintillation chamber. To conduct performance comparisons, we also developed a fiber detector using the same fiber in which a Ce-doped Lu1.8Y0·2SiO5 (LYSO(Ce)) scintillator with dimensions of 0.32 mm × 0.5 mm × 5 mm was inserted. Both fiber detectors were wrapped in aluminized Mylar and optically coupled to a position sensitive photomultiplier tube, before calculating the two-dimensional distributions, energy, and pulse shape spectra. For 5.5-MeV alpha particles, the ZnS(Ag) fiber detector produced ~ 5 times larger pulse heights and the count rate was ~2 times higher compared with those using the LYSO(Ce) fiber detector. For the maximum energy 2.28-MeV beta particles and 0.66-MeV gamma photons, the ZnS(Ag) fiber detector produced no counts, but it yielded small counts from natural alpha particles. Our results confirmed that the ZnS(Ag) fiber detector developed in this study could selectively detect alpha particles and it was insensitive to beta particles and gamma photons. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Seiichi Yamamoto, Ichio Aoki, Tatsuya Higashi. Optical fiber-based ZnS(Ag) detector for selectively detecting alpha particles. Applied radiation and isotopes : including data, instrumentation and methods for use in agriculture, industry and medicine. 2021 Mar;169:109495

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    PMID: 33352477

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