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    Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is associated with multiple environmental and genetic risk factors. Two main risk factors for AMD are variants in the CFH and ARMS2/HTRA1 genes. We investigated over 2000 variants in AMD patients and controls using high-throughput sequencing methods to search for variants associated with AMD. A total of 296 AMD patients and 100 controls were enrolled in this study. Genetic analysis was performed with the Illumina NextSeq 500 system. Multivariate analysis of patients and controls, adjusted for age, sex and smoking status (pack-years), revealed that three SNPs were strong risk factors independently associated with AMD: CFH Y402H, ARMS A69S and PRPH2 c.582-67T>A (rs3818086). The TC genotype in CFH Y402H was associated with 1.90-fold higher odds, and the CC genotype was associated with 5.66-fold higher odds of AMD compared with the TT genotype. The GT genotype in ARMS A69S was associated with 2.40-fold higher odds, and the TT genotype was associated with 6.75-fold higher odds of disease compared with the GG genotype. In the case of rs3818086, the A allele could be considered a 'risk' allele, since AA + TA genotypes were associated with 2.33-fold higher odds of AMD compared with the TT genotype. Although PRPH2 mutations have been previously implicated in various forms of retinal degeneration, to the best of our knowledge, this study is the first to show that the rs3818086 variant increases the risk for AMD more than two times. Further studies on larger cohorts are required to elucidate how this variant affects protein structure. © 2020 Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica Foundation. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


    Zofia Ulańczyk, Aleksandra Grabowicz, Katarzyna Mozolewska-Piotrowska, Krzysztof Safranow, Miłosz Piotr Kawa, Andrzej Pałucha, Mariusz Krawczyk, Piotr Sikora, Ewa Matczyńska, Bogusław Machaliński, Anna Machalińska. Genetic factors associated with age-related macular degeneration: identification of a novel PRPH2 single nucleotide polymorphism associated with increased risk of the disease. Acta ophthalmologica. 2021 Nov;99(7):739-749

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    PMID: 33354892

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