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Spermidine is a biologically active polyamine with extensive application potential in functional foods. However, previously reported spermidine titers by biosynthesis methods are relatively low, which hinders its industrial application. To improve the spermidine titer, key genes affecting the spermidine production were mined to modify Bacillus amyloliquefaciens. Genes of S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (speD) and spermidine synthase (speE) from different microorganisms were expressed and compared in B. amyloliquefaciens. Therein, the speD from Escherichia coli and speE from Saccharomyces cerevisiae were confirmed to be optimal for spermidine synthesis, respectively. Gene and amino acid sequence analysis further confirmed the function of speD and speE. Then, these two genes were co-expressed to generate a recombinant strain B. amyloliquefaciens HSAM2(PDspeD-SspeE) with a spermidine titer of 105.2 mg/L, improving by 11.0-fold compared with the control (HSAM2). Through optimization of the fermentation medium, the spermidine titer was increased to 227.4 mg/L, which was the highest titer among present reports. Moreover, the consumption of the substrate S-adenosylmethionine was consistent with the accumulation of spermidine, which contributed to understanding its synthesis pattern. In conclusion, two critical genes for spermidine synthesis were obtained, and an engineering B. amyloliquefaciens strain was constructed for enhanced spermidine production.


Dian Zou, Lu Li, Yu Min, Anying Ji, Yingli Liu, Xuetuan Wei, Jing Wang, Zhiyou Wen. Biosynthesis of a Novel Bioactive Metabolite of Spermidine from Bacillus amyloliquefaciens: Gene Mining, Sequence Analysis, and Combined Expression. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2021 Jan 13;69(1):267-274

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PMID: 33356220

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