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    Protein O-mannosyltransferases (PMTs) represent a conserved family of multispanning endoplasmic reticulum membrane proteins involved in glycosylation of S/T-rich protein substrates and unfolded proteins. PMTs work as dimers and contain a luminal MIR domain with a β-trefoil fold, which is susceptive for missense mutations causing α-dystroglycanopathies in humans. Here, we analyze PMT-MIR domains by an integrated structural biology approach using X-ray crystallography and NMR spectroscopy and evaluate their role in PMT function in vivo. We determine Pmt2- and Pmt3-MIR domain structures and identify two conserved mannose-binding sites, which are consistent with general β-trefoil carbohydrate-binding sites (α, β), and also a unique PMT2-subfamily exposed FKR motif. We show that conserved residues in site α influence enzyme processivity of the Pmt1-Pmt2 heterodimer in vivo. Integration of the data into the context of a Pmt1-Pmt2 structure and comparison with homologous β-trefoil - carbohydrate complexes allows for a functional description of MIR domains in protein O-mannosylation. © 2020, Chiapparino et al.


    Antonella Chiapparino, Antonija Grbavac, Hendrik Ra Jonker, Yvonne Hackmann, Sofia Mortensen, Ewa Zatorska, Andrea Schott, Gunter Stier, Krishna Saxena, Klemens Wild, Harald Schwalbe, Sabine Strahl, Irmgard Sinning. Functional implications of MIR domains in protein O-mannosylation. eLife. 2020 Dec 24;9

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    PMID: 33357379

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