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Simultaneous exposure to multiple pollutants has received great concerns considering that the interactions between pollutants can alter the environment fate and bioavailability of pollutants with potentially deleterious effects. Graphene oxide (GO) has been widely used in many areas including environmental remediation, biology and agriculture. However, researchers have largely ignored the combined toxicity of GO with coexisting toxicants. Cis-bifenthrin (cis-BF), a typical synthetic pyrethroid insecticide, was frequently detected in the environment, which raised the possibility of interaction between cis-BF and GO. Our study investigated the toxic effects of cis-BF alone or combined with GO on the lipid homeostasis in Xenopus laevis. Tadpoles at 51 stage were exposed to cis-BF (0, 12, 60 and 300 ng/L) or in their combination with GO (0.1 mg/L) for 21 days. Coexposure to cis-BF and GO deteriorated the lipid homeostasis disruption in tadpoles. The up- or down-regulation of lipogenesis genes expression and enzymes activity were amplified in the coexposure groups. Furthermore, the presence of GO enhanced the deleterious impacts of cis-BF on the hepatic function in tadpoles. This study uniquely shows that GO promotes the lipotoxicity and hepatic function deficit caused by cis-BF exposure in frog. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Meng Li, Jiaping Zhu, Qiong Wu, Qiangwei Wang. The combined adverse effects of cis-bifenthrin and graphene oxide on lipid homeostasis in Xenopus laevis. Journal of hazardous materials. 2021 Apr 05;407:124876

PMID: 33360192

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