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    The aim of this study was to demonstrate a relationship between the occurrence of clinical signs of brain involvement in dogs with babesiosis and the concentration of manganese (Mn) in their serum. The study included seven dogs with early babesiosis (Group 1), seven dogs with cerebral babesiosis (Group 2) and seven healthy dogs (Group 3). Haematological and biochemical blood tests were performed in all dogs, and the results were analysed statistically. The Mann-Whitney rank test was used to demonstrate the differences in Mn concentrations, as well as other haematological and biochemical parameters between groups. In dogs in Group 2 with cerebral babesiosis, as compared to dogs in Groups 1 and 3, a statistically significant increase in serum Mn concentration was shown (P = 0.002 and P = 0.029) that may have been associated with the development of anaemia and/or impairment of liver function. Given the well-established neurotoxic effects of Mn in humans, experimental rodents and primates, additional studies on the role of Mn in the pathogenesis of the cerebral form of canine babesiosis are warranted.


    Oliwier Teodorowski, Łukasz Adaszek, Mehmet Erman Or, Banu Dokuzeylül, Alev Meltem Ercan, Duygu Tarhan, Marta Staniec, Stanisław Winiarczyk. Elevated serum manganese concentration in dogs as a possible predisposing factor of cerebral babesiosis in dogs. Acta veterinaria Hungarica. 2020 Dec 24;68(4):354-360

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    PMID: 33372913

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