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    Bioactive polyamines play important roles in many biological processes such as gene expression, cell growth, protein synthesis, and signal transduction. Accurate determination of polyamines is helpful for studying their biological functions. Herein, a C60-based chemical labeling strategy was proposed for the determination of polyamines (putrescine, cadaverine, spermidine, and spermine) in biological samples using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI MS). An N-hydroxysuccinimide ester functionalized C60 (NHS-C60) was used as a labeling reagent and the m/z of the labeled polyamines reached up to more than 900 Da, which avoided matrix interferences in the low m/z region. In addition, as NHS-C60 derivatives, mono- and bis-substituted polyamines were produced simultaneously, which benefited the qualitative analysis of polyamines. The analytical method was validated using NHS-C60 labeled polyamines in cells and mice feces samples. Good linearities were obtained with correlation coefficients ranging from 0.9786 to 0.9982. The limits of quantification were in the range of 0.68-1.48 pmol. Good reproducibility and reliability of our proposed method were confirmed by intra- and inter-day precisions ranged from 2.8 to 16.6%, and the recoveries ranged between 81.8 and 119.9%. Finally, the proposed method was applied to determine polyamines in cells and mice feces. Three polyamines were detected in the cells, and the contents of cadaverine and spermidine in the feces of high-fat diet mice were found to be significantly lower than those in the normal diet mice. The results show that the proposed NHS-C60 labeling coupled with MALDI MS strategy is suitable for the determination of polyamines in biological samples. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Zhang-Na Qin, Qiong-Wei Yu, Ping Zhou, Yu-Qi Feng. C60-based chemical labeling strategy for the determination of polyamines in biological samples using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry. Talanta. 2021 Mar 01;224:121790

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    PMID: 33379019

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