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Objective: To compare the clinical and laboratory characteristics and therapy methods of elderly onset rheumatoid arthritis (EORA) and younger onset rheumatoid arthritis (YORA). Methods: The clinical, laboratory and therapeutic data of 481 RA patients in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology in Peking University Third Hospital from January 2013 to December 2018 were collected and used to analyze the difference of characteristics between EORA group and YORA group, which might be useful for better diagnosis and treatment of EORA patients. Quantitative data of normal distribution were compared with t test between the two groups. Results: There were 481 patients in this cohort, of which 137(28.5%) were EORA, 344(71.5%) were YORA, with a mean age of (59±14) years (19-87 years). There were 358 females (74.4%) and 123 males (25.6%). The percentage of male patients was obviously higher in EORA group (36.5% vs 21.2%, χ(2)=12.012, P<0.01), and the average disease course was obviously shorter (Z=-7.985, P<0.01). Disease Activity Score 28 (DAS28) score was higher in EORA group (5.6±1.3 vs 5.2±1.6, t=2.549, P<0.05), meanwhile the incidences of pleural effusion and interstitial lung disease (ILD) were higher (6.6% vs 1.7%, 29.9% vs 18.3%, respectively; χ(2)=7.550, 7.797, both P<0.05). The incidences of venous thrombosis, primary hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebrovascular disease, coronary heart disease (CHD), peripheral atherosclerosis and cataract in EORA group were all significantly higher than those in YORA group (all P<0.05). Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and D-Dimer in EORA group were all remarkably higher (both P<0.05). The rate of using glucocorticoid in EORA group was higher but the rate of using methotrexate and anti-tumor necrosis factor-α agents were lower (χ(2)=5.271, 8.407, 9.356, all P<0.05). Conclusion: Compared to YORA group, the percentage of male patients and disease activity of EORA group are higher. The occurrence of pleural effusion, ILD, venous thrombosis, primary hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cerebrovascular disease, CHD, peripheral atherosclerosis and cataract in EORA group are higher than those in YORA group.

Citation

J F Zhang, X L Ye, M Duan, X L Zhou, Z Z Yao, J X Zhao. Clinical characteristics of elderly and younger onset rheumatoid arthritis]. Zhonghua yi xue za zhi. 2020 Dec 22;100(47):3788-3792

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PMID: 33379844

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