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Medical management of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) via pentoxifylline, tocopherol (PENTO) and clodronate (PENTOCLO) has shown both promise and early positive outcomes. We aimed to determine clinical outcomes for patients with established ORN managed solely via PENTO or PENTOCLO. The study retrospectively reviewed and collected data from the medical records of 169 patients diagnosed with ORN and treated via medical management. Patients that received any additional interventions such as surgery or hyperbaric oxygen were not included. Medical management led to healed ORN in 54.4% (n = 92/169) of patients after an average of 12.9 months. Outcome comparison between PENTO and PENTOCLO identified the former regime to be significantly superior (p = 0.0001). There is an inverse relationship with increasing ORN severity and healing with medical management (p < 0.0001) with oropharyngeal cancer (p = 0.0347) patients responding favourably via this approach. Infection had a critical role in the final outcome with those healing requiring 1.3 antibiotic prescriptions, while those that had disease progression requiring 4.3 prescriptions. Medical management is a viable treatment option for ORN. It appears to be most effective in Notani I and non-infected ORN. When healing was not achieved the regime was able to stabilise the condition. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Sagar Patel, Nisma Patel, Isabel Sassoon, Vinod Patel. The use of pentoxifylline, tocopherol and clodronate in the management of osteoradionecrosis of the jaws. Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology. 2021 Mar;156:209-216

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PMID: 33385466

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