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Amphotericin B (Amph-B) is an antifungal drug used intravenously for the treatment of leishmaniasis. Side-effects from Amph-B treatment can arise such as cardiac arrhythmia and renal dysfunctions, which will lead to discontinuation of treatment. Unfortunately, patients in endemic countries do not have access to alternative therapies. The objective of this study was to analyze the effects of Cobalt-60 gamma irradiation on crosslinking polymeric hydrogels (Hydg) and the incorporation of Amph-B into the gel as a controlled-release drug delivery alternative. Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)/Amph-B solutions were irradiated with 15 kGy at 0 °C and 25 °C. The drug's stability was ascertained by UV-visible spectrometry, liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry and proton nuclear magnetic resonance. Irradiated Hydg/Amph-B achieved similar stability to the standard Amph-B solution and was enough to promote hydrogel crosslinking. In vitro trials were carried out to ensure Amph-B was still biologically active after irradiation. The results from flow cytometry and MTT assay show that Amph-B had an IC50 = 16.7 nM. A combination of Hydg at 1.324 gmL-1 and Amph-B at 25.1 nM for 24 h lead to the greatest inhibition of L. amazonensis promastigotes, and could be used as an alternative treatment method for cutaneous leishmaniosis. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Citation

Maria José Alves de Oliveira, Gethzemani Mayeli Estrada Villegas, Flávia Daniela Motta, Omar Fabela-Sánchez, Arián Espinosa-Roa, Wesley Luzetti Fotoran, Janaína Capelli Peixoto, Fabia Tomie Tano, Ademar Benévolo Lugão, Pablo Antonio Salvador Vásquez. Influence of gamma radiation on Amphotericin B incorporated in PVP hydrogel as an alternative treatment for cutaneous leishmaniosis. Acta tropica. 2021 Mar;215:105805

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PMID: 33387468

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