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    A rapid, sensitive, and accurate high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was developed and validated for the separation and analysis of organic impurities in erythromycin stearate tablets. The method separates Erythromycin, Erythromycin B, Erythromycin C and nine impurities (EP Impurity A, B, C, D, E, F, H, I and M). The chromatographic separation was achieved on a Waters XBridge C18 (100 mm × 4.6 mm, 3.5 μm) column. The mobile phase comprised of 0.4 % ammonium hydroxide in water and methanol delivered in a gradient mode. The compounds of interest were monitored at 215 nm. The stability-indicating capability of this method was evaluated by performing stress studies. Erythromycin was found to degrade significantly under acid, base, and oxidative stress conditions and it was only stable under thermal and photolytic degradation conditions. The degradation products were well resolved from the erythromycin peaks. In addition, the major degradants formed under stress conditions were characterized by ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with Single-Quadrupole Mass Spectrometer (UHPLC-QDa). The method was validated to fulfill International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) requirements and this validation included specificity, linearity, limit of detection (LOD), limit of quantification (LOQ), accuracy, precision, and robustness. The developed method could be incorporated into the USP monograph and applied for routine quality control analysis of erythromycin stearate tablets. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Salika Jeelani, Nadejda Soukhova. Development and validation of a stability indicating HPLC method for organic impurities of erythromycin stearate tablets. Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis. 2021 Feb 20;195:113858

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    PMID: 33388642

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