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We examined the method of oxidative hemolysis for assessment of antioxidant activity of various compounds, especially lipophilic compounds. 2,2'-Azobis(amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH) was used as the source of free radicals for the oxidative hemolysis of horse erythrocytes. We found that absorbance at 540 nm is not appropriate for monitoring AAPH-induced hemolysis. Instead, we should use absorbance at 523 nm (an isosbestic point), because AAPH oxidizes the oxygenated hemoglobin to methemoglobin and absorbance at 540 nm does not correctly reflect the amount of released hemoglobin by AAPH-induced hemolysis. The corrected method of AAPH-induced hemolysis was applicable to assess the antioxidant activity of various hydrophilic compounds such as ascorbic acid, (-)-epicatechin, and edaravone. For the assessment of antioxidant activity of lipophilic compounds, we need appropriate dispersing agents for these lipophilic compounds. Among several agents tested, 1,2-dimiristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DMPC) liposome at a concentration of 0.34 mM was found to be useful. Exogenous α-tocopherol incorporated using DMPC liposome as a dispersing agent was shown to protect erythrocytes from AAPH-induced hemolysis in a concentration-dependent manner.


Yusuke Nuruki, Haruka Matsumoto, Miho Tsukada, Haruka Tsukahara, Tokuko Takajo, Kazunori Tsuchida, Kazunori Anzai. Method to Improve Azo-Compound (AAPH)-Induced Hemolysis of Erythrocytes for Assessing Antioxidant Activity of Lipophilic Compounds. Chemical & pharmaceutical bulletin. 2021;69(1):67-71

PMID: 33390522

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