Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

During desiccation, both apparent electron transport rate (ETRapp) and photosynthetic CO2 uptake peak when external water has evaporated. External water, causing suprasaturation, weakens the strong correlation between ETRapp and CO2 uptake. Lichens are poikilohydric organisms passively regulated by ambient conditions. In theory, apparent electron transport rate (ETRapp), estimated by photosystem II yield measured in light (ΦPSII), is a proxy of photosynthetic CO2 uptake. Hydration level, however, is a complicating factor, particularly during suprasaturation that strongly reduces CO2 diffusion. Here, the cephalolichen Lobaria pulmonaria and two chlorolichens Parmelia sulcata and Xanthoria aureola were excessively hydrated before photosynthetic CO2 uptake and ΦPSII using imaging fluorescence tools were simultaneously measured while drying at 200 µmol photons m-2 s-1. CO2 uptake peaked when hydration had declined to a level equivalent to their respective internal water holding capacity (WHCinternal) i.e., the water per thallus area after blotting external water. CO2 uptake and ETRapp in all species were highly correlated at hydration levels below WHCinternal, but weaker at higher hydration (chlorolichens) or absent (cephalolichen). Yet, at a specimen level for the two chlorolichens, the correlation was strong during suprasaturation. The CO2 uptake-ETRapp relationship did not differ between measured species, but may vary between other lichens because the slope depends on cortical transmittance and fraction of electrons not used for CO2 uptake. For new lichen species, calibration of ETRapp against CO2 uptake is therefore necessary. At intrathalline scales, ΦPSII during drying initially increased along thallus margins before reaching maximum values in central portions when hydration approached WHCinternal. WHCinternal represents the optimal hydration level for lichen photosynthesis. In conclusion, ETRapp is an easily measured and reliable proxy of CO2 uptake in thalli without external water but overestimates photosynthesis during suprasaturation.


Knut Asbjørn Solhaug, Johan Asplund, Yngvar Gauslaa. Apparent electron transport rate - a non-invasive proxy of photosynthetic CO2 uptake in lichens. Planta. 2021 Jan 03;253(1):14

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 33392847

View Full Text