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    Four difenoconazole stereoisomers were well separated on a Superchiral S-OX column. The absolute configurations of the four stereoisomers of difenoconazole eluted in an orderly fashion with the chiral column were confirmed as (2S,4S), (2S,4R), (2R,4R), and (2R,4S)-difenoconazole, respectively, by single-crystal X-ray diffraction. For the first time, a simple and efficient trace detection method for the determination of residues of the four stereoisomers of difenoconazole in a plant sample by HPLC-MS/MS was developed. The mean recoveries were 78.23-104.38% with RSDs of 0.33-9.95%. The limits of detection for the four difenoconazole enantiomers were 0.0002-0.0004 mg/kg, and the limits of quantitation were 0.0044-0.011 mg/kg in citrus leaves and whole fruits. There was no obvious enantioselectivity upon degradation of the four stereoisomers in citrus leaves and whole fruits in Hunan and Guizhou. In Guangzhou, the rate of degradation of (2R,4R)-difenoconazole was the slowest among the four stereoisomers of difenoconazole.


    Qingmei Song, Ye Wang, Shouying Tang, Xiurou Meng, Fei Wang, Deyu Hu, Yuping Zhang. Enantioselective Analysis and Degradation Studies of Four Stereoisomers of Difenoconazole in Citrus by Chiral Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2021 Jan 13;69(1):501-510

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    PMID: 33393780

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