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Sleep homeostasis is crucial for sleep regulation. The role of epigenetic regulation in sleep homeostasis is unestablished. Previous studies showed that octopamine is important for sleep homeostasis. However, the regulatory mechanism of octopamine reception in sleep is unknown. In this study, we identify an epigenetic regulatory cascade (Stuxnet-Polycomb-Octβ2R) that modulates the octopamine receptor in Drosophila. We demonstrate that stuxnet positively regulates Octβ2R through repression of Polycomb in the ellipsoid body of the adult fly brain and that Octβ2R is one of the major receptors mediating octopamine function in sleep homeostasis. In response to octopamine, Octβ2R transcription is inhibited as a result of stuxnet downregulation. This feedback through the Stuxnet-Polycomb-Octβ2R cascade is crucial for sleep homeostasis regulation. This study demonstrates a Stuxnet-Polycomb-Octβ2R-mediated epigenetic regulatory mechanism for octopamine reception, thus providing an example of epigenetic regulation of sleep homeostasis. © 2021 The Authors.

Citation

Zhangwu Zhao, Xianguo Zhao, Tao He, Xiaoyu Wu, Pengfei Lv, Alan J Zhu, Juan Du. Epigenetic regulator Stuxnet modulates octopamine effect on sleep through a Stuxnet-Polycomb-Octβ2R cascade. EMBO reports. 2021 Feb 03;22(2):e47910

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PMID: 33410264

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