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    Prokineticin 2 (PK2) and Prokineticin 2 beta (PK2β), products of alternative splicing of pk2 gene, are chemokine-like proteins. While PK2 mediates its biological activities by signaling with the same efficiency through two homologous G protein coupled receptors, prokineticin receptor 1 (PKR1) and prokineticin receptor 2 (PKR2), PK2β is able to bind specifically PKR1. Extracellular loop 2 (ECL2) of chemokine receptors is a part of a transmembrane (TM) ligand binding site. In the ECL2 of PKR2 is present, as well as in all chemokine receptors, an aromatic residue cluster, involving tryptophan 212 localized four residues after an ECL2 conserved cysteine, and Phenylalanine 198 located in the top of TM 4. In this work, the photoactivatable unnatural amino acid p-benzoyl-L-phenylalanine is incorporated by amber codon suppression technology into PKR2 in position 212. Experiments of photoactivatable cross-linking demonstrated the role of tryptophan in position 212 for binding the ligand contacting Tryptophan in position 24. We also analyzed the role of Phenylalanine 198 in the specificity of PKRs binding. The comparison of TM-bundle binding sites between PKR1 and PKR2 revealed that they are completely conserved except for one residue: valine 207 in human PKR1, which is phenylalanine 198 in human PKR2. The F198V mutation in PKR2 permits to obtain a receptor able to bind more efficiently PK2β, a ligand highly specific for PKR1. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Citation

    Maria Rosaria Fullone, Roberta Lattanzi, Daniela Maftei, Maria Carmela Bonaccorsi, Rossella Miele. Analysis of role of aromatic residues in extracellular loop 2 of Prokineticin receptor 2 in ligand binding probed with genetically encoded photo-crosslinkers. Biochimica et biophysica acta. Biomembranes. 2021 Apr 01;1863(4):183549


    PMID: 33412090

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