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    Soils with continuous application of swine slurry (SS) may present high phosphorus (P) content and high risk for environmental pollution. The aim of this study was to characterize the forms of phosphorus accumulation in 15 fields with increasing degrees of P saturation (DPS) in a watershed with a high density of swine farming. Soil samples collected from 0 to 10 cm were chemically characterized for water soluble phosphorus (WSP), DPS, Hedley chemical fractionation, and chemical speciation by P K-edge XANES. WSP increased linearly to a value of 137% of DPS, with subsequent stabilization at 2.7 mg kg-1. Only the inorganic fractions of the chemical fractionation changed with increasing DPS. Phosphorus forms considered labile increased up to 144% of DPS, with subsequent stabilization. The moderately labile fraction 0.1 M NaOH and non-labile 1 M HCl increased exponentially. Phosphorus K-edge XANES analysis demonstrated that P associated to apatite, amorphous aluminum minerals, and goethite were the main forms of P found and only the latter had a correlation with DPS (-0.57*). With increasing DPS, there are changes in the dynamics of P in the soil, with a reduction in forms associated to Fe and an increase in forms linked to Al. The forms linked to Al buffer the WSP and are recovered in the first inorganic fractions of the Hedley chemical fractionation. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Luciano Colpo Gatiboni, Abelino Anacleto de Souza Junior, Daniel João Dall'Orsoletta, Gilmar Luiz Mumbach, Stephanie Brooke Kulesza, Dalton Belchior Abdala. Phosphorus speciation in soils with low to high degree of saturation due to swine slurry application. Journal of environmental management. 2021 Mar 15;282:111553

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    PMID: 33413975

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