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    Filamentous inclusions of tau protein are found in cases of inherited and sporadic frontotemporal dementias (FTDs). Mutations in MAPT, the tau gene, cause approximately 5% of cases of FTD. They proved that dysfunction of tau protein is sufficient to cause neurodegeneration and dementia. Clinically and pathologically, cases with MAPT mutations can resemble sporadic diseases, such as Pick's disease, globular glial tauopathy, progressive supranuclear palsy and corticobasal degeneration. The structures of tau filaments from Pick's disease and corticobasal degeneration, determined by electron cryo-microscopy, revealed the presence of specific tau folds in each disease, with no inter-individual variation. The same was true of chronic traumatic encephalopathy.


    Michel Goedert, Maria Grazia Spillantini, Benjamin Falcon, Wenjuan Zhang, Kathy L Newell, Masato Hasegawa, Sjors H W Scheres, Bernardino Ghetti. Tau Protein and Frontotemporal Dementias. Advances in experimental medicine and biology. 2021;1281:177-199

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    PMID: 33433876

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