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Thymectomy is required for the treatment of thymoma-associated myasthenia gravis (MG). However, MG may develop only after thymectomy, a condition known as post-thymectomy MG. This study aimed to investigate the risk factors for post-thymectomy MG in patients with thymoma. We retrospectively identified 235 patients with thymoma who underwent thymectomy at a single hospital from January 2008 to December 2017: 44 with preoperatively diagnosed MG were excluded, leaving 191 patients in the final analysis. Univariable survival analyses using Cox proportional hazards regression model and Kaplan-Meier estimate were conducted to identify risk factors for post-thymectomy MG. Post-thymectomy MG developed in 4.2% (8/191) of the patients with thymoma between 18 days and 108 mo after surgery. Hazard ratios (HRs) of pre- and postoperative anti-acetylcholine receptor antibody (AChR-Ab) titers were 2.267 (P = .002) and 1.506 (P < .001), respectively. Patients with extended thymectomy had a low chance of post-thymectomy MG (HR 0.035, P = .007). Larger thymoma (HR, 1.359; P = .005) and type A or AB thymoma according to World Health Organization histological classification (HR, 11.92; P = .021) were associated with higher chances of post-thymectomy MG. Within the subgroup of preoperatively AChR-Ab seropositive patients, post-thymectomy MG developed in 22.2% (6/27). Pre- and postoperative AChR-Ab levels should be measured in patients with thymoma. A large thymoma and partial thymectomy appear to be associated with a higher probability of post-thymectomy MG. © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

Citation

Ahwon Kim, Seok-Jin Choi, Chang Hyun Kang, Seonkyung Lee, Hyoshin Son, Jin-Ah Kim, Je-Young Shin, Sung-Min Kim, Yoon-Ho Hong, Jung-Joon Sung. Risk factors for developing post-thymectomy myasthenia gravis in patients with thymoma. Muscle & nerve. 2021 Apr;63(4):531-537

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PMID: 33434360

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