Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • atp synthesis (1)
  • clam (3)
  • electron transport (2)
  • hypoxia (10)
  • mya (1)
  • mya arenaria (2)
  • oxygen (12)
  • species (5)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Estuarine and coastal benthic organisms often experience fluctuations in oxygen levels that can negatively impact their mitochondrial function and aerobic metabolism. To study these impacts, we exposed a common sediment-dwelling bivalve, the soft-shell clam Mya arenaria, for 21 days to chronic hypoxia (P O2  ∼4.1 kPa), cyclic hypoxia (P O2  ∼12.7-1.9 kPa, mean 5.7 kPa) or normoxia (P O2  ∼21.1 kPa). pH was manipulated to mimic the covariation in CO2/pH and oxygen levels in coastal hypoxic zones. Mitochondrial respiration, including proton leak, the capacity for oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), the maximum activity of the electron transport system (ETS), reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and activity and oxygen affinity of cytochrome c oxidase (CCO) were assessed. Acclimation to constant hypoxia did not affect the studied mitochondrial traits except for a modest decrease in the OXPHOS coupling efficiency. Cyclic hypoxia had no effect on OXPHOS or ETS capacity, but increased proton leak and lowered mitochondrial OXPHOS coupling efficiency. Furthermore, mitochondria of clams acclimated to cyclic hypoxia had higher rates of ROS generation compared with the clams acclimated to normoxia or chronic hypoxia. CCO activity was upregulated under cyclic hypoxia, but oxygen affinity of CCO did not change. These findings indicate that long-term cyclic hypoxia has a stronger impact on the mitochondria of M. arenaria than chronic hypoxia and might lead to impaired ATP synthesis, higher costs of mitochondrial maintenance and oxidative stress. These changes might negatively affect populations of M. arenaria in the coastal Baltic Sea under increasing hypoxia pressure. © 2021. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.


    Natascha Ouillon, Eugene P Sokolov, Stefan Otto, Gregor Rehder, Inna M Sokolova. Effects of variable oxygen regimes on mitochondrial bioenergetics and reactive oxygen species production in a marine bivalve, Mya arenaria. The Journal of experimental biology. 2021 Feb 16;224(Pt 4)

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 33436367

    View Full Text