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    To investigate the functional pathways enriched and differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with gram-positive and gram-negative sepsis. Dataset GSE9960 obtained from NCBI GEO database containing PBMC samples from 16 non-infectious systematic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) patients, 17 gram-positive septic patients and 18 gram-negative septic patients were included in the study. Functional pathway annotations were conducted by gene set enrichment analysis and weighted gene co-expression network analysis. DEGs were filtered and master DEGs were then validated in PBMCs of gram-positive septic, gram-negative septic and non-infectious SIRS patients. The enriched gene sets in gram-positive sepsis and gram-negative sepsis were significantly different. The results indicated the opposite co-expression networks in SIRS and gram-negative sepsis, and the entirely different co-expression networks in gram-positive and gram-negative sepsis. Furthermore, we validated that TYMS was up-regulated in gram-positive sepsis (P<0.05), CD3D was down-regulated in gram-negative sepsis (P<0.01), while IRAK3 was up-regulated in gram-negative sepsis (P<0.05). The results indicate that there are differences in the mechanism and pathogenesis of gram-positive and gram-negative sepsis, which may provide potential markers for sepsis diagnosis and empirical antimicrobial therapy.


    Lu Li, Junjun Fang, Zhitao Li, Leixing Shen, Guobin Wang, Shuiqiao Fu. Master genes and co-expression network analysis in peripheral blood mononuclear cells of patients with gram-positive and gram-negative sepsis]. Zhejiang da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences. 2020 Dec 25;49(6):732-742

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    PMID: 33448176

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