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Although human clinical studies have suggested probiotic effects on blood glucose levels, knowledge about molecular mechanisms is still scarce. To test the hypothesis that selected Lactobacillus probiotic bacteria could regulate the activity of enterocyte glucose transporters, we aimed to measure in vitro effects of selected Lactobacillus probiotic bacteria on transcription and translation of intestinal glucose transporters sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1) and glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) as well as transepithelial glucose transport. Lactobacillus plantarum strains (PCS20 and PCS26), Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) (ATCC 53103) and Lactobacillus acidophilus (L acidophilus) (ATCC 4356) were co-cultivated with noncarcinogenic porcine enterocytes (CLAB) and human epithelial colorectal adenocarcinoma cells (Caco-2) (ATCC HTB-37). Changes in transcription and expression of SGLT1 and GLUT2 were strain and cell line-specific. In CLAB, LGG was the most potent SGLT1 up-regulator, and PCS26 the most potent down-regulator of GLUT2 transcription, which was also reflected on the protein level. In Caco-2, all tested strains tended to downregulate GLUT2 gene expression, while L acidophilus most effectively reduced GLUT2 protein levels. Statistically significant effect of PCS26 and L acidophilus on GLUT2 molecular and protein levels in CLAB and Caco-2 cell lines, respectively, was also followed by a decreased rate of transepithelial glucose transport. Careful selection of specific Lactobacillus probiotic strains could be used to downregulate glucose absorption in intestinal epithelial cells and thereby could be beneficial as a support treatment of pathologies related to glucose homeostasis. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.


Maša Primec, Dejan Škorjanc, Tomaž Langerholc, Dušanka Mičetić-Turk, Mario Gorenjak. Specific Lactobacillus probiotic strains decrease transepithelial glucose transport through GLUT2 downregulation in intestinal epithelial cell models. Nutrition research (New York, N.Y.). 2021 Feb;86:10-22

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PMID: 33450655

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