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Microtubules help building the cytoskeleton of neurons and other cells. Several components of the gamma-tubulin (γ-tubulin) complex have been previously reported in human neurodevelopmental diseases. We describe two siblings from a consanguineous Turkish family with dysmorphic features, developmental delay, brain malformation, and epilepsy carrying a homozygous mutation (p.Glu311Lys) in TUBGCP2 encoding the γ-tubulin complex 2 (GCP2) protein. This variant is predicted to disrupt the electrostatic interaction of GCP2 with GCP3. In primary fibroblasts carrying the variant, we observed a faint delocalization of γ-tubulin during the cell cycle but normal GCP2 protein levels. Through mass spectrometry, we observed dysregulation of multiple proteins involved in the assembly and organization of the cytoskeleton and the extracellular matrix, controlling cellular adhesion and of proteins crucial for neuronal homeostasis including axon guidance. In summary, our functional and proteomic studies link TUBGCP2 and the γ-tubulin complex to the development of the central nervous system in humans. © 2020 The Author(s).


Serdal Gungor, Yavuz Oktay, Semra Hiz, Álvaro Aranguren-Ibáñez, Ipek Kalafatcilar, Ahmet Yaramis, Ezgi Karaca, Uluc Yis, Ece Sonmezler, Burcu Ekinci, Mahmut Aslan, Elmasnur Yilmaz, Bilge Özgör, Sunitha Balaraju, Nora Szabo, Steven Laurie, Sergi Beltran, Daniel G MacArthur, Denisa Hathazi, Ana Töpf, Andreas Roos, Hanns Lochmuller, Isabelle Vernos, Rita Horvath. Autosomal recessive variants in TUBGCP2 alter the γ-tubulin ring complex leading to neurodevelopmental disease. iScience. 2021 Jan 22;24(1):101948

PMID: 33458610

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