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    Cisplatin therapy faces low bioavailability and clastogenic potential limitations. Early payload leakage of nanocarriers may impair adequate therapeutic efficacy. We propose encapsulation of cisplatin in such nanocarrier that can be externally stimulated for high payload release and enhanced toxicity at site of action. Cisplatin conjugated gold nanorods (Pt-AuNRs) have been synthesized and characterized through UV visible spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering and transmission electron microscopy. Physico-chemical characterization through X-ray photon spectrometry confirms the covalent linkage between linker and aquated cisplatin with AuNRs. Laser exposure (850 nm, CW) enabled ~15-fold payload release from Pt-AuNRs nano-assembly, which is quite high (P < 0.0001) compared to non-stimulated conditions. The median growth inhibitory concentration (GI50) after laser exposure of Pt-AuNRs was ~11- and 13-fold low compared to corresponding Pt-AuNRs without laser exposure and cisplatin respectively, in sarcoma cells. Synergistic therapeutic difference is more significant (P < 0.01), at lower concentrations of Pt-AuNRs (0.5-10 μg/mL). Pt-AuNRs photothermal therapy indicates a convincible association of over-production of reactive oxygen species (P < 0.0001) and synergistic therapeutic efficacy. Clastogenic potential is found non-significant for Pt-AuNRs (10 μg/mL). Cisplatin nanoconjugate shows biocompatibility against blood cells. In conclusion, laser-stimulated Pt-AuNRs appear a promising drug delivery with synergistic toxic potential against cancer while attenuating cisplatin toxicity. Copyright © 2021 American Pharmacists Association®. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Mehreen Rehman, Abida Raza, Jamshaid Ali Khan, M Aslam Zia. Laser Responsive Cisplatin-Gold Nano-Assembly Synergizes the Effect of Cisplatin With Compliance. Journal of pharmaceutical sciences. 2021 Apr;110(4):1749-1760

    PMID: 33460669

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