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In the present study structural characteristics and physicochemical properties of tri-component biomaterial (consisting of chitosan, β-1,3-glucan and hydroxyapatite) seeded with mesenchymal stem cells were investigated with the use of diffuse reflectance infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy (DRIFT), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In this study we use non-conventional approach of DRIFT spectroscopy for investigating biomaterial changes under simulated physiological conditions. Particular cell-induced changes were intended to be properly evaluated with analytical methods. Abovementioned techniques allowed to precisely assess the changes on the surface of the biomaterial caused by two kinds of stem cells (ADSCs - Adipose tissue-Derived Stem Cells and BMDSCs - Bone Marrow-Derived Stem Cells) cultured directly on the surface of bioceramic-based biomaterial. The bioactivity and biocompatibility of designed bone biomaterial were demonstrated and hence it seems to be a promising scaffold used in tissue engineering. Designed chitosan, β-1,3-glucan, and hydroxyapatite biomaterial was proven to be non-toxic, surgically handy with cellular compatibility. The obtained results are interesting and promising in terms of spectroscopic methods suitability for qualitative assessment of material-cell interactions. Copyright © 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Grzegorz Kalisz, Agata Przekora, Paulina Kazimierczak, Barbara Gieroba, Agnieszka Lewalska-Graczyk, Izabela S Pieta, Marcin Holdynski, Grazyna Ginalska, Anna Sroka-Bartnicka. Physicochemical changes of the chitosan/β-1,3-glucan/hydroxyapatite biocomposite caused by mesenchymal stem cells cultured on its surface in vitro. Spectrochimica acta. Part A, Molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy. 2021 Apr 15;251:119439

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PMID: 33461139

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