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Regulatory SNPs (rSNPs) are a special class of SNPs which have a high potential to affect the phenotype due to their impact on DNA-binding of transcription factors (TFs). Thus, the knowledge about such rSNPs and TFs could provide essential information regarding different genetic programs, such as tissue development or environmental stress responses. In this study, we use a multi-omics approach by combining genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics data of two different Brassica napus L. cultivars, namely Zhongshuang11 (ZS11) and Zhongyou821 (ZY821), with high and low oil content, respectively, to monitor the regulatory interplay between rSNPs, TFs and their corresponding genes in the tissues flower, leaf, stem, and root. By predicting the effect of rSNPs on TF-binding and by measuring their association with the cultivars, we identified a total of 41,117 rSNPs, of which 1141 are significantly associated with oil content. We revealed several enriched members of the TF families DOF, MYB, NAC, or TCP, which are important for directing transcriptional programs regulating differential expression of genes within the tissues. In this work, we provide the first genome-wide collection of rSNPs for B. napus and their impact on the regulation of gene expression in vegetative and floral tissues, which will be highly valuable for future studies on rSNPs and gene regulation.


Selina Klees, Thomas Martin Lange, Hendrik Bertram, Abirami Rajavel, Johanna-Sophie Schlüter, Kun Lu, Armin Otto Schmitt, Mehmet Gültas. In Silico Identification of the Complex Interplay between Regulatory SNPs, Transcription Factors, and Their Related Genes in Brassica napus L. Using Multi-Omics Data. International journal of molecular sciences. 2021 Jan 14;22(2)

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PMID: 33466789

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