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    A rapid, high-throughput method for the quantitation of the 2-acetyl azaheterocycles, 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline, 2-acetyl-1,4,5,6-tetrahydropyridine, 2-acetylpyrazine, and 2-acetyl-2-thiazoline, in different food products, by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), was developed. The quick extraction by bead beater homogenization, fast derivatization by 3-nitrophenylhydrazine (40 °C, 2 h), and efficient LC separation make this method suitable for high-throughput analysis. As established in this study, the highly precise LC-MS/MS method applies to different food products or beverages without requiring further adjustment. The analysis was performed with sample amounts of 0.2-0.5 g, and limit of quantitation values of 0.6, 0.5, 0.6, and 1.0 μg/kg were obtained for 2-acetyl-1-pyrroline, 2-acetyl-1,4,5,6-tetrahydropyridine, 2-acetylpyrazine, and 2-acetyl-2-thiazoline, respectively. Thus, it was possible to quantitate the analytes in the range of their odor thresholds.

    Citation

    Markus Bösl, Andreas Dunkel, Thomas F Hofmann. Rapid, High-Throughput Quantitation of Odor-Active 2-Acetyl Azaheterocycles in Food Products by UHPLC-MS/MS. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2021 Feb 03;69(4):1405-1412

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    PMID: 33470094

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