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The influence of the stable 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidinyl-N-oxyl (TEMPO) nitroxide and its six C4-substituted derivatives, as well as two C3-substituted analogues of 2,2,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidynyl-N-oxyl (PROXYL) nitroxide on the chosen fluoroquinolone antibiotics (marbofloxacin, ciprofloxacin, danofloxacin, norfloxacin, enrofloxacin, levofloxacin and ofloxacin), has been examined in aqueous solutions by UV absorption as well as steady-state and time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopies. The mechanism of fluorescence quenching has been specified and proved to be purely dynamic (collisional) for all the studied systems, which was additionally confirmed by temperature dependence experiments. Moreover, the selected quenching parameters-that is, Stern-Volmer quenching constants and bimolecular quenching rate constants-have been determined and explained. The possibility of electron transfer was ruled out, and the quenching was found to be diffusion-limited, being a result of the increase in non-radiative processes. Furthermore, as the chosen nitroxides affected the fluorescence of fluoroquinolone antibiotics in different ways, an influence of the structure and the type of substituents in the molecules of both fluoroquinolones and stable radicals on the quenching efficiency has been determined and discussed. Finally, the impact of the solvent's polarity on the values of bimolecular quenching rate constants has been explained. The significance of the project comes from many applications of nitroxides in chemistry, biology and industry.


Krzysztof Żamojć, Irena Bylińska, Wiesław Wiczk, Lech Chmurzyński. Fluorescence Quenching Studies on the Interactions between Chosen Fluoroquinolones and Selected Stable TEMPO and PROXYL Nitroxides. International journal of molecular sciences. 2021 Jan 17;22(2)

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PMID: 33477329

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